Plants of Tidmarsh Farms and Vicinity

As of October 2016, Tidmarsh Farms Checklist contains 499 species including 155 non-native (marked *), of which 29 are invasive (marked **). Native plants intentionally introduced to this area, such as Atlantic white cedar, are not listed.

Ferns and Allies

Dennstaedtiaceae — Hay-Scented Fern Family

Dennstaedtia punctilobula — hayscented fern
Pteridium aquilinum ssp. latiusculum — bracken fern

Dryopteridaceae — Wood Fern Family

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum — northern lady fern
Dryopteris carthusiana (D. spinulosa) — spinulose wood fern
Dryopteris intermedia — intermediate wood fern
Onoclea sensibilis — sensitive fern

Equisetaceae — Horsetail Family

Equisetum arvense — field horsetail, common horsetail

Lycopodiaceae — Clubmoss Family

Diphasiastrum digitatum (Lycopodium digitatum, Lycopodium complanatum var. flabelliforme) — southern ground-cedar
Lycopodium hickeyi (Dendrolycopodium hickeyi) — Hickey's clubmoss
Lycopodium obscurum (Dendrolycopodium obscurum) — princess-pine or tree clubmoss

Osmundaceae — Royal Fern Family

Osmunda cinnamomea — cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytoniana — interrupted fern
Osmunda regalis — royal fern

Thelypteridaceae — Marsh Fern Family

Thelypteris noveboracensis — New York fern
Thelypteris palustris — marsh fern
Thelypteris simulata — Massachusetts fern

Conifers

Cupressaceae — Cypress Family

Juniperus virginiana — eastern red cedar

Pinaceae — Pine Family

**Picea abies — Norway spruce
Pinus rigida — pitch pine
Pinus strobus — white pine

Monocots

Alismataceae — Water-Plantain or Arrowhead Family

Sagittaria latifolia — common arrowhead

Araceae — Arum Family

Arisaema triphyllum — Jack-in-the-pulpit
Peltandra virginica — arrow-arum
Symplocarpus foetidus — skunk cabbage

Commelinaceae — Spiderwort or Dayflower Family

Tradescantia ohiensis — smooth spiderwort

Cyperaceae — Sedge Family

Bulbostylis capillaris — tufted hairsedge
Carex albicans var. emmonsii (C. emmonsii) — Emmons' sedge
Carex annectens — yellow-fruited fox sedge
Carex atlantica ssp. capillacea (C. howei) — threadstem sedge
Carex canescens ssp. disjuncta — silvery bog sedge
Carex comosa — bristly sedge
Carex crinita — fringed sedge
Carex debilis var. rudgei — northern stalked sedge
Carex intumescens — bladder or swamp sedge
Carex laevivaginata — smoothed-sheath sedge
Carex lasiocarpa var. americana — slender woolly-fruited sedge
Carex longii — Long's sedge
Carex lucorum (Carex pensylvanica var distans) — long-beaked Pennsylvania sedge
Carex lurida — sallow sedge
Carex pensylvanica — Pennsylvania sedge
Carex projecta — beaded or necklace broom sedge
Carex radiata — star sedge
Carex scoparia — broom sedge
*Carex spicata (C. contigue) — European star sedge
Carex stricta var. strictior (C. strictior ) — stiff sedge
Carex swanii — Swan's sedge
Carex tonsa (C. rugosperma var. tonsa) — stiff-leaved sand sedge, shaved sedge
Carex utriculata (C. rostrata var. utriculata) — bottle sedge
Cyperus dentatus — pondshore flatsedge
Cyperus diandrus — red-edged flatsedge
Cyperus lupulinus (C. filiculmis) — slender sand flatsedge
Cyperus strigosus — straw-colored flatsedge
Dulichium arundinaceum — three-way sedge
Eleocharis acicularis — needle spike-rush
Eleocharis elliptica — orange-fruited spike-rush
Eleocharis flavescens var. olivacea (E. olivacea) — olive spike-rush
Eleocharis melanocarpa — black-fruited spike-rush
Eleocharis obtusa — soft-stemmed spike-rush
Eleocharis palustris — marsh spike-rush
Rhynchospora alba — white beak-rush
Rhynchospora capitellata — brown beak-rush
Rhynchospora fusca — sooty beak-rush
Rhynchospora macrostachya — big-headed horned sedge
Rhynchospora scirpoides — long-beaked baldsedge
Scirpus atrocinctus — black-girdled woolsedge, dusky woolgrass
Scirpus atrovirens var. georgianus (S. georgianus) — black bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus — common bulrush
Scirpus pungens (S. americanus) — common threesquare
Scirpus tabernaemontani (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, S. validus) — soft-stemmed bulrush

Eriocaulaceae — Pipewort Family

Eriocaulon aquaticum (E. septangulare) — pipewort, white buttons

Hydrocharitaceae — Frogbit or Waterweed Family

Elodea canadensis — northern waterweed

Iridaceae — Iris Family

Iris versicolor — northern blueflag
Sisyrinchium angustifolium — stout blue-eyed-grass

Juncaceae — Rush Family

Juncus acuminatus — sharp-fruited rush
Juncus canadensis — marsh or Canada rush
Juncus dichotomus (J. tenuis var. dichotomus) — forked rush
Juncus effusus — common rush
Juncus pelocarpus — pondshore rush
Juncus secundus — secund rush
Juncus tenuis — path rush, yard rush
Luzula multiflora — common woodrush

Lemnaceae — Duckweed Family

Lemna minor — duckweed

Liliaceae — Lily Family

**Convallaria majalis — lily-of-the-valley
*Hemerocallis fulva — orange daylily
Hypoxis hirsuta — yellow stargrass
Maianthemum canadense — Canada mayflower
Medeola virginiana — Indian cucumber-root
Uvularia sessilifolia — little merrybells

Orchidaceae — Orchid Family

Cypripedium acaule — pink lady's slipper
Platanthera lacera — ragged fringed orchid

Poaceae — Grass Family

Agrostis scabra — northern ticklegrass
Ammophila breviligulata — dune grass
Andropogon glomeratus (A. virginicus var. abbreviatus) — bunched broomsedge
*Anthoxanthum odoratum — sweet vernalgrass
Aristida dichotoma — poverty grass
*Arrhenatherum elatius — tall oatgrass
*Avena sativa — oats
Brachyelytrum septentrionale (B. aristosum) — woodgrass
*Bromus arvensis — field-chess
*Bromus commutatus — hairy chess
*Bromus hordeaceus — soft brome
Calamagrostis canadensis — Canada bluejoint
*Calamagrostis epigeios — feathertop, bushgrass
*Dactylis glomerata — orchard grass
Danthonia compressa — trail oatgrass
Deschampsia flexuosa — common hairgrass
Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum (Panicum lanuginosum) — fascicled panic grass
Dichanthelium clandestinum (Panicum clandestinum) — deertongue
Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. scribnerianum — Scribner's panic grass
Dichanthelium spretum (D. acuminatum var. spretum) — smooth panic grass
*Digitaria ischaemum — smooth crabgrass
*Digitaria sanguinalis — large crabgrass
*Echinochloa crus-galli — barnyard grass
Echinochloa walterii — Walter's cockspur
*Elytrigia repens — couchgrass, quackgrass
Eragrostis spectabilis — purple lovegrass
*Festuca arundinacea — tall fescue
*Festuca ovina — sheep fescue
*Festuca pratensis (Schedonorus pratensis) — meadow fescue
Glyceria canadensis — rattlesnake grass
Glyceria obtusa — coastal mannagrass
Glyceria striata — fowlmeadow grass
*Holcus lanatus — velvet grass
**Microstegium vimineum (Eulalia viminea) — Japanese stiltgrass
*Miscanthus sinensis — Chinese plumegrass
Muhlenbergia uniflora — pondshore muhly
Panicum capillare — witchgrass
Panicum dichotomiflorum — fall panic grass
Panicum rigidulum (Coleataenia longifolia ssp. rigidula) — flat-stemmed panic grass
Panicum virgatum — switchgrass
*Pascopyrum smithii (Agropyron smithii) — western wheatgrass
Paspalum setaceum var. muhlenbergii (Paspalum ciliatifolium var. muhlenbergii) — Muhlenberg's bead grass
**Phalaris arundinacea — reed canarygrass
**Phragmites australis — common reed
*Poa annua — annual bluegrass
*Poa compressa — flat-stemmed bluegrass
Schizachyrium scoparium — little bluestem
*Setaria faberi — giant foxtail
*Setaria viridis — green foxtail
Sorghastrum nutans — Indian grass
Sporobolus vaginiflorus — poverty grass
Torreyochloa pallida (Glyceria pallida) — pale mannagrass
Torreyochloa pallida var. fernaldii (Glyceria fernaldii) — slender mannagrass
*Vulpia myuros (Festuca megalura) — rat-tail fescue
Vulpia octoflora var. tenella — six-weeks fescue

Pontederiaceae — Pickerel Weed Family

Pontederia cordata — pickerelweed

Potamogetonaceae — Pondweed Family

Potamogeton epihydrus — surface pondweed, ribbonleaf pondweed
Potamogeton oakesianus — Oakes' pondweed

Smilacaceae — Greenbrier Family

Smilax glauca — sawbrier, wild sarsaparilla
Smilax herbacea — carrion-flower
Smilax rotundifolia — catbrier, bullbrier

Sparganiaceae — Bur-Reed Family

Sparganium americanum — common bur-reed

Typhaceae — Cattail Family

Typha angustifolia — narrow-leaved cattail
Typha latifolia — broad-leaved cattail

Dicots

Aceraceae — Maple Family

Acer rubrum — red maple

Anacardiaceae — Sumac Family

Rhus copallina — flameleaf sumac, winged sumac
Rhus typhina (R. hirta) — staghorn sumac
Toxicodendron radicans (Rhus radicans) — poison ivy

Apiaceae — Carrot or Celery Family

*Daucus carota — Queen Anne's lace
Hydrocotyle americana — swamp pennywort, woodland pennywort

Apocynaceae — Dogbane Family

Apocynum androsaemifolium — spreading dogbane

Aquifoliaceae — Holly Family

Ilex glabra — inkberry
Ilex opaca — American holly
Ilex verticillata — common winterberry

Araliaceae — Ivy Family

Aralia nudicaulis — wild sarsaparilla

Asclepiadaceae — Milkweed Family

Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra — downy swamp milkweed
Asclepias syriaca — common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa — butterfly milkweed
**Cynanchum louiseae (C. nigrum) — black swallowwort

Asteraceae — Daisy or Aster Family

*Achillea millefolium ssp. lanulosa (A. millefolium var. occidentalis) — common yarrow
Ambrosia artemisiifolia — annual ragweed
Antennaria neglecta — pussytoes
**Artemisia vulgaris — common wormwood, mugwort
Aster divaricatus (Eurybia divaricata) — white wood aster
Aster dumosus (Symphyotrichum dumosum) — long-stalked aster
Aster ericoides (Symphyotrichum ericoides) — heath white aster
Aster lanceolatus (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum) — tall white aster, panicled aster
Aster lateriflorus (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum) — calico aster
Aster novi-belgii (Symphyotrichum novi-belgii) — New York aster
Aster pilosus (Symphyotrichum pilosum) — white oldfield aster
Aster pilosus var. pringlei (Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pringlei) — Pringle's aster
Aster racemosus (Symphyotrichum racemosum) — smooth white oldfield aster
Aster spectabilis (Eurybia spectablis) — showy aster
Baccharis halimifolia — sea-myrtle
Bidens cernua — nodding bur-marigold
Bidens discoidea — small beggar-ticks
Bidens frondosa — beggar-ticks
*Centaurea cyanus — cornflower
*Centaurea jacea — brown knapweed
**Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (C. maculosa ) — spotted or bushy knapweed
*Centaurea x moncktonii (C. jacea x nigra) —
*Cichorium intybus — chicory
*Cirsium arvense — Canada thistle
*Cirsium vulgare — bull thistle
Conyza canadensis (Erigeron canadensis) — horseweed, hogweed
*Coreopsis lanceolata — lanceleaf tickseed
Erechtites hieraciifolius — fireweed, pilewort
Erigeron annuus — eastern daisy fleabane
Erigeron strigosus — rough fleabane
Eupatorium dubium (Eutrochium dubium) — Atlantic Joe-Pye-weed
Eupatorium fistulosum (Eutrochium fistulosum) — hollow-stemmed Joe-Pye-weed
Eupatorium perfoliatum — boneset, thoroughwort
Eupatorium pilosum (E. rotundifolium var. saundersii) — rough boneset, verbena boneset
Eupatorium rotundifolium var. ovatum (E. pubescens) — hairy boneset
Euthamia caroliniana (Solidago tenuifolia) — coastal plain slender goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia (Solidago graminifolia) — common flat-topped goldenrod
*Gaillardia x grandiflora — blanket flower
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium) — sweet everlasting, fragrant cudweed
Gnaphalium uliginosum — low cudweed
*Helianthus annuus — common sunflower, mirasol
*Heliopsis helianthoides — false sunflower
Hieracium gronovii — Gronovius' hawkweed
*Hieracium piloselloides (H. florentinum) — smooth hawkweed
**Hieracium pratense (H. caespitosum) — king-devil, meadow hawkweed
*Hieracium sabaudum (H. canadense) — Savoy hawkweed, Canada hawkweed
**Hypochaeris radicata — hairy cat's-ear
Ionactis linariifolia (Aster linariifolius ) — stiff aster, spruce aster
Krigia virginica — dwarf dandelion
Lactuca canadensis — yellow wild lettuce
*Lactuca serriola — prickly lettuce
*Leontodon autumnalis (Scorzoneroides autumnalis) — fall dandelion
*Leontodon saxatilis (L. taraxacoides) — little fall dandelion
*Leucanthemum vulgare — oxeye daisy
*Liatris spicata — spiked balzing-star
Mikania scandens — climbing hempvine
Pityopsis falcata (Chrysopsis falcata) — sickle-leaved golden aster
Prenanthes trifoliolata (Nabalus trifoliolatus) — tall rattlesnake-root, gall-of-the-earth
*Rudbeckia bicolor — pinewoods coneflower
*Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima — black-eyed Susan
Sericocarpus asteroides (Aster paternus) — toothed white-topped aster
Solidago aestivalis (Solidago rugosa var. sphagnophila) — sphagnum goldenrod
Solidago altissima (S. canadensis var. scabra) — tall goldenrod
Solidago canadensis — Canada goldenrod
Solidago gigantea — smooth goldenrod, late goldenrod
Solidago juncea — early goldenrod
Solidago latissimifolia — Elliott's goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis — gray goldenrod
Solidago odora — licorice goldenrod, sweet goldenrod
Solidago puberula — downy goldenrod
Solidago rugosa — rough-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago rugosa ssp. aspera — rough goldenrod, barrens goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens — seaside goldenrod
Solidago speciosa — showy goldenrod
*Sonchus asper — spiny-leaved sow-thistle
*Sonchus oleraceus — annual sow-thistle
*Tanacetum vulgare — common tansy
*Taraxacum officinale — common dandelion
**Tussilago farfara — coltsfoot

Balsaminaceae — Touch-Me-Not or Jewelweed Family

Impatiens capensis — jewelweed

Berberidaceae — Barberry Family

**Berberis thunbergii — Japanese barberry

Betulaceae — Birch Family

Alnus rugosa — speckled alder
Alnus serrulata — smooth alder, common alder
Betula populifolia — gray birch

Bignoniaceae — Trumpet Creeper Family

*Campsis radicans — trumpet creeper

Brassicaceae — Mustard or Cabbage Family

**Alliaria petiolata (A. officinalis) — garlic mustard
*Arabidopsis thaliana — mouse-ear cress
*Cardamine flexuosa — greater bittercress
*Cardamine hirsuta — hairy rock-cress, hoary bittercress
*Draba verna — whitlow-grass
**Hesperis matronalis — dame's rocket
Lepidium virginicum — Virginia pepperweed
*Raphanus raphanistrum — wild radish
Rorippa palustris — marsh yellowcress
*Sisymbrium irio — London rocket
*Sisymbrium loeselii — Loesel's mustard
*Teesdalia nudicaulis — shepherd cress

Buddlejaceae — Butterfly Bush Family

**Buddleja davidii — butterfly bush, summer lilac

Callitrichaceae — Water Starwort Family

Callitriche heterophylla — variable water-starwort
*Callitriche stagnalis — water chickweed

Campanulaceae — Bellflower or Bellwort Family

**Jasione montana — sheep's bit
Lobelia inflata — Indian tobacco

Caprifoliaceae — Honeysuckle Family

**Lonicera morrowii — Morrow's honeysuckle
Sambucus canadensis — common elderberry
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (V. recognitum) — northern arrowwood
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides (V. cassinoides) — wild raisin, witherod

Caryophyllaceae — Pink Family

*Arenaria serpyllifolia — thyme-leaved sandwort
*Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (C. vulgatum) — common mouse-ear chickweed
*Cerastium glomeratum (C. viscosum) — clammy mouse-year chickweed
*Cerastium semidecandrum — little mouse-ear chickweed
*Dianthus armeria — Debtford pink
*Dianthus barbatus — sweet William
*Lychnis coronaria — mullein-pink
*Sagina procumbens — matted pearlwort, birdseye
*Scleranthus annuus — annual knawel
*Silene armeria — sweet-william catchfly
*Silene dichotoma — forked campion, forking catchfly
*Silene latifolia ssp. alba (Lychnis alba) — white campion or evening lychnis
*Spergula morisonii — Morison's spurrey
*Spergularia rubra — common sand spurrey
*Stellaria graminea — field stitchwort
*Stellaria media — common chickweed

Celastraceae — Bittersweet Family

**Celastrus orbiculatus — Oriental bittersweet, Asian bittersweet

Ceratophyllaceae — Hornwort Family

Ceratophyllum demersum — hornwort, coontail

Chenopodiaceae — Goosefoot Family

*Chenopodium album — pigweed, lamb's quarters
*Chenopodium ambrosioides (Dysphania ambrosioides) — Mexican tea, wormseed

Cistaceae — Rockrose Family

Helianthemum canadense (Crocanthemum canadense) — longbranch frostweed
Helianthemum dumosum (Crocanthemum dumosum) — bushy rockrose
Helianthemum propinquum (Crocanthemum propinquum) — low frostweed, low rockrose
Hudsonia tomentosa — woolly beach heather
Lechea intermedia — largepod pinweed
Lechea maritima — beach pinweed
Lechea mucronata (L. villosa) — hairy pinweed

Clethraceae — White Alder or Sweet Pepperbush Family

Clethra alnifolia — sweet pepperbush

Clusiaceae — St. John's Wort Family

Hypericum boreale — northern St. John's-wort
Hypericum ellipticum — pale St. John's-wort
Hypericum gentianoides — orange grass, pineweed
*Hypericum perforatum — common St. John's-wort
Triadenum virginicum (Hypericum virginicum) — marsh St. John's-wort

Convolvulaceae — Bindweed Family

Calystegia sepium ssp. americana — wild morning glory
*Calystegia sepium ssp. sepium — European morning glory
*Ipomoea purpurea (I. hirsutula) — common morning-glory

Crassulaceae — Stonecrop or Orpine Family

*Sedum acre — goldmoss stonecrop

Cucurbitaceae — Gourd or Squash or Cucumber Family

*Cucurbita pepo — pumpkin

Cuscutaceae — Dodder Family

Cuscuta gronovii — dodder

Elaeagnaceae — Oleaster Family

**Elaeagnus umbellata — autumn olive, oleaster

Ericaceae — Heath Family

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi — bearberry
*Calluna vulgaris — Scotch heather
Chamaedaphne calyculata — leatherleaf, cassandra
Epigaea repens — trailing arbutus, mayflower
Gaultheria procumbens — wintergreen, checkerberry, eastern teaberry
Gaylussacia baccata — black huckleberry
Gaylussacia dumosa var. bigelowiana (G. bigelowiana) — bog huckleberry
Gaylussacia frondosa — blue huckleberry, dangleberry
Kalmia angustifolia — sheep laurel
*Leucothoe fontanesiana — dog-hobble, drooping fetterbush
Leucothoe racemosa (Eubotrys racemosa) — swamp sweetbells
Lyonia ligustrina — maleberry
*Rhododendron aff. kaempferi
*Rhododendron carolinianum — Carolina rhododendron
Rhododendron viscosum — swamp azalea
Vaccinium caesariense — New Jersey highbush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum — highbush blueberry
Vaccinium fuscatum (V. atrococcum) — black highbush blueberry
Vaccinium macrocarpon — American cranberry, large cranberry
Vaccinium pallidum (V. vacillans) — hillside blueberry, dryland blueberry

Fabaceae — Bean Family

Apios americana — groundnut
Baptisia tinctoria — yellow wild indigo, horsefly weed
Chamaecrista fasciculata (Cassia fasciculata) — partridge pea
Chamaecrista nictitans (Cassia nictitans) — wild sensitive plant
Desmodium ciliare — hairy small-leaved ticktrefoil
Lathyrus japonicus var. maritimus — beach pea
Lespedeza capitata — round-headed bush-clover
Lespedeza hirta — hairy bush-clover
Lespedeza violacea (L. intermedia) — wand bush-clover
*Lotus corniculatus — birdfoot-trefoil
*Lupinus polyphyllus — garden lupine, Washington lupine
*Melilotus albus — white sweetclover
*Robinia hispida — bristly locust
**Robinia pseudoacacia — black locust
*Trifolium agrarium (T. aureum) — golden clover, palmate clover
*Trifolium arvense — rabbit-foot clover
*Trifolium dubium — little hop-clover
*Trifolium hybridum — alsike clover
*Trifolium pratense — red clover
*Trifolium repens — white clover
*Vicia cracca — bird vetch
*Vicia sativa ssp. nigra — narrow-leaved vetch

Fagaceae — Beech or Oak Family

Fagus grandifolia — American beech
Quercus alba — white oak
Quercus coccinea — scarlet oak
Quercus ilicifolia — scrub oak, bear oak
Quercus rubra — northern red oak
Quercus velutina — black oak

Geraniaceae — Geranium Family

Geranium carolinianum — Carolina geranium
Geranium maculatum — wild geranium

Hamamelidaceae — Witch-Hazel Family

Hamamelis virginiana — witch-hazel

Juglandaceae — Walnut Family

Carya glabra (C. ovalis) — pignut hickory

Lamiaceae — Mint Family

*Lamium amplexicaule — henbit
Lycopus americanus — American water-horehound
Lycopus uniflorus — tuberous water-horehound
Lycopus virginicus — Virginia water-horehound, floodplain water-horehound
*Monarda fistulosa — wild bergamot
Trichostema dichotomum — forked bluecurls

Lauraceae — Laurel Family

Lindera benzoin — spicebush
Sassafras albidum — sassafras

Lentibulariaceae — Bladderwort Family

Utricularia cornuta — horned bladderwort, naked bladderwort
Utricularia intermedia — northern bladderwort, flat-leaved milfoil

Lythraceae — Loosestrife Family

Decodon verticillatus — swamp loosestrife, waterwillow
**Lythrum salicaria — purple loosestrife
*Lythrum virgatum — wand-loosestrife

Melastomataceae — Melastome Family

Rhexia virginica — northern meadowbeauty, wingstem meadowpitchers

Molluginaceae — Mollugo or Carpetweed Family

*Mollugo verticillata — carpetweed

Monotropaceae — Indian Pipe Family

Monotropa uniflora — Indian pipe

Myricaceae — Bayberry Family

Comptonia peregrina — sweetfern
Myrica gale — sweet gale
Myrica pensylvanica (Morella pensylvanica) — bayberry

Nymphaeaceae — Waterlily Family

Nuphar variegata — yellow waterlily, spatterdock
Nymphaea odorata — American white waterlily, fragrant waterlily

Nyssaceae — Tupelo Family

Nyssa sylvatica — tupelo, black gum

Oleaceae — Olive Family

Fraxinus americana — white ash

Onagraceae — Evening Primrose Family

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis (C. canadensis, C. quadrisulcata var. canadensis) — enchanter's nightshade
Epilobium ciliatum — glandular willowherb
Ludwigia palustris — water purslane, mud loosestrife
Oenothera biennis — common evening primrose
Oenothera parviflora — small-flowered evening-primrose

Oxalidaceae — Wood-Sorrel Family

Oxalis dillenii — showy yellow woodsorrel

Phytolaccaceae — Pokeweed Family

Phytolacca americana — pokeweed

Plantaginaceae — Plantain Family

**Plantago aristata — bracted plantain
**Plantago lanceolata — narrow-leaved plantain, English plantain
*Plantago major — common plantain, white man's foot

Polygalaceae — Milkwort Family

Polygala cruciata — cross-leaved milkwort
Polygala polygama — racemed milkwort, bitter milkwort

Polygonaceae — Buckwheat or Smartweed Family

Polygonella articulata (Polygonum articulatum) — jointweed
Polygonum arifolium (Persicaria arifolia) — halberdleaf tearthumb
*Polygonum aviculare (P. arenastrum) — doorweed
Polygonum cristatum (Fallopia cristata) — winged bindweed
**Polygonum cuspidatum (Fallopia japonica, Reunoutria japonica) — Japanese knotweed
Polygonum hydropiperoides (Persicaria hydropiperoides) — false water-pepper
Polygonum lapathifolium (Persicaria lapathifolia) — nodding smartweed
Polygonum pensylvanicum (Persicaria pensylvanica) — pinkweed
*Polygonum persicaria (Persicaria maculosa) — lady's thumb
*Polygonum polystachyum (Persicaria wallichii, Reynoutria polystachya) — Himalayan knotweed, garden smartweed
Polygonum punctatum (Persicaria punctata) — dotted smartweed
Polygonum sagittatum (Persicaria sagittata) — arrowleaf tearthumb
Polygonum scandens (Fallopia scandens ) — climbing false buckwheat
**Rumex acetosella — sheep sorrel, red sorrel
*Rumex crispus — curly dock
*Rumex obtusifolius — red-veined dock

Portulacaceae — Purslane Family

*Portulaca oleracea — common purslane

Primulaceae — Primrose Family

*Anagallis arvensis — scarlet pimpernel
Lysimachia quadrifolia — whorled loosestrife
Lysimachia terrestris — swamp candles
*Lysimachia x producta (L. quadrifolia x terrestris) —
Trientalis borealis (Lysimachia borealis) — American starflower

Pyrolaceae — Shinleaf Family

Chimaphila maculata — striped pipsissewa, spotted wintergreen

Ranunculaceae — Buttercup or Crowfoot Family

Anemone quinquefolia — wood anemone, windflower
Ranunculus abortivus — kidney-leaved buttercup, small-flowered crowfoot
*Ranunculus acris — tall buttercup
*Ranunculus bulbosus — crowfoot, bulbous buttercup

Rosaceae — Rose Family

Amelanchier canadensis — thicket shadbush, eastern serviceberry, juneberry
Amelanchier laevis (A. arborea var. laevis) — smooth shadbush
Amelanchier spicata (A. stolonifera ) — running serviceberry, running shadbush
Aronia melanocarpa (Photinia melanocarpa) — black chokeberry
Aronia x prunifolia (A. x floribunda) — purple chokeberry
*Chaenomeles speciosa — Japanese flowering quince
Fragaria virginiana — wild strawberry
*Malus baccata — Siberian crabapple
*Malus sieboldii — Toringo crabapple
*Potentilla argentea — silver cinquefoil
Potentilla canadensis — dwarf cinquefoil
Potentilla norvegica — three-finger, strawberryweed
Potentilla simplex — common cinquefoil
Prunus maritima — beach plum
Prunus pensylvanica — pin cherry, fire cherry, bird cherry
Prunus serotina — black cherry
*Rosa chinensis x multiflora — multiflora hybrid
**Rosa multiflora — multiflora rose
Rosa palustris — swamp rose
Rosa virginiana — Virginia rose, low rose
Rubus allegheniensis — Allegheny blackberry, common blackberry
Rubus arenicola — New England sand blackberry
Rubus flagellaris — northern dewberry
Rubus hispidus — bristly dewberry
Rubus jaysmithii (R. scambens, R. tetricus) — Smith's blackberry
Rubus occidentalis — black raspberry
Rubus pensilvanicus — highbush blackberry
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (S. latifolia ) — meadowsweet
Spiraea tomentosa — steeplebush

Rubiaceae — Bedstraw or Coffee Family

Cephalanthus occidentalis — common buttonbush
Galium aparine — cleavers
Galium tinctorium — Clayton's bedstraw

Salicaceae — Willow Family

Populus grandidentata — bigtooth aspen
Populus tremuloides — trembling aspen
**Salix atrocinerea and S. cinerea — rusty and ash willow with hybrids
Salix discolor — large pussy willow
Salix eriocephala — heartleaf willow
Salix humilis — prairie willow, upland willow
Salix nigra — black willow
Salix sericea — silky willow

Santalaceae — Sandalwood Family

Comandra umbellata — bastard toadflax

Scrophulariaceae — Figwort Family

Agalinis paupercula (Gerardia purpurea var. parviflora) — small-flowered gerardia
Agalinis purpurea (Gerardia purpurea) — purple false foxglove
Aureolaria pedicularia (Gerardia pedicularia) — fernleaf yellow false foxglove
*Digitalis purpurea — common foxglove
Gratiola aurea — golden hedgehyssop
*Linaria vulgaris — butter-and-eggs
Melampyrum lineare — cowwheat
Nuttallanthus canadensis (Linaria canadensis) — blue toadflax, old-field toadflax
*Paulownia tomentosa — princess-tree
*Penstemon digitalis — tall white beard-tongue
**Verbascum thapsus — common mullein
Veronica peregrina — purslane speedwell, neckweed

Simaroubaceae — Quassia Family

**Ailanthus altissima — tree-of-heaven

Solanaceae — Nightshade or Potato Family

*Datura stramonium — Jimson-weed
*Solanum dulcamara — climbing nightshade, bittersweet nightshade
Solanum ptycanthum — American black nightshade
*Solanum sisymbriifolium — sticky nightshade

Ulmaceae — Elm Family

Ulmus americana — American elm, white elm

Urticaceae — Nettle Family

Boehmeria cylindrica — false nettle, bog-hemp

Verbenaceae — Vervain Family

*Callicarpa japonica — Japanese callicarpa
*Verbena bonariensis — South American vervain, purpletop vervain
Verbena hastata — blue vervain, common vervain

Violaceae — Violet Family

Viola cucullata — marsh blue violet
Viola lanceolata — bog white violet, lanceleaf violet
Viola sagittata (V. fimbriatula) — arrowleaf violet
Viola sororia (V. papilionacea) — common blue violet

Vitaceae — Grape Family

Parthenocissus quinquefolia — Virginia creeper
Vitis aestivalis — summer grape
Vitis labrusca — fox grape

4 Dec 201114 Oct 2016
Generated from Salicicola Plant Gallery (XML Database) using XSLT 2.0 by SAXON 9.1.0.2 from Saxonica at 2016-10-14T19:19:37.16-04:00; records last time modified: 2016-10-14T14:22:53

Tidmarsh Farms & Living Observarory @ Salicicola (http://geo.salicicola.com/tidmarsh/)